Say olah to the canna-glossary


A natural substance used in herbal medicine considered to help the body’s stabilizations and physiological processes. It can help to adapt to stress and promote homeostasis.

A common form of extraction process to make cannabis concentrate. This method requires hemp flower to be soaked using ethyl or isopropyl alcohol as a solvent to filter oils and trichomes of cannabis. The alcohol is removed while preserving the cannabinoids.

Also known as the “bliss molecule,” anandamide is a fatty acid neurotransmitter that is considered an endocannabinoid because it is produced in the brain and binds to cannabinoid receptors to promote homeostasis. It was the first cannabinoid receptor discovered in the human body and it unlocked the connection between cannabis and human health.


Is the proportion or rate that a substance enters the bloodstream and is absorbed and able to have an active effect.

It’s the combination of all cannabinoids present in hemp or cannabis without any Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It provides the entourage effect benefits with terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids without the effects of THC.

The flowers are harvested and used for hemp-derived products as they contain the highest concentration of active cannabinoids.

When low and high doses of the same active ingredient can cause opposite effects. A compound that at small doses can cause a calming effect but at a higher dose can produce the opposite effect is called the Biphasic Effect.


A minor cannabinoid with the same structure as Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

A minor phytocannabinoid with preliminary research showing its efficacy for acne treatment.

A minor phytocannabinoid with similar structure and effects to Cannabichromene (CBC).

A minor phytocannabinoid with limited clinical research available.

One of the most prevalent cannabinoids found in cannabis with potential therapeutic uses. CBD is non-intoxicating, it does not produce the “high” effect associated with marijuana/cannabis.

The acidic form of Cannabidiol (CBD). When cannabis is heated, through smoking, cooking, or vaporization, decarboxylation occurs and the CBDA becomes Cannabidiol (CBD).

A minor phytocannabinoid classified as a byproduct of Cannabidiol (CBD) with limited clinical research available.

A minor phytocannabinoid that is being studied for its promising medical potential as an antibacterial agent, appetite stimulant, and muscle spasm inhibitor.

The group of naturally occurring chemical compounds in cannabis with therapeutic effects in mammals. The cannabis plant contains over 100 cannabinoids with varying effects. When cannabinoids interact with Endocannabinoid receptors in the body they promote internal balance, known as homeostasis.

A minor phytocannabinoid with sedative effects. It is currently being studied for its potentially beneficial sleep properties.

A family of flowering plants that includes Cannabis Ruderalis, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis indica. Cannabis is one of the oldest sources of food, fiber, oil, and medicine, containing rich phytochemicals including cannabinoids, terpenes, and phenolic compounds.

The scientific name for marijuana, the psychoactive variety of the cannabis plant, with high levels of THC. Compared to a Sativa plant, Indica plants are smaller, broader, and produce more bud.

A species in the Cannabis family that is rarely farmed due to its low THC content, small stature, and inability to survive harsh climates.

The scientific name for “hemp,” an annual herbaceous plant in the Cannabis genus originating from Central Asia that has been widely used as a medicine and industrial fiber. Cannabis sativa L. contains lower levels of THC compared to Cannabis indica.

Receptors found in the human body that mediate the effects of cannabinoids.

An oil containing Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. Concentrated CBD oil is commonly used as the active ingredient in cannabis tinctures, vaporizers, topicals, capsules, edibles, and other products.

A document provided by a laboratory with detailed information about the genetic profile of the product. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is common to use for prescription drugs. The certificate of analysis provides information such as cannabinoids content, presence of pesticides, among other chemicals.

The process of producing other plants with identical or virtually identical DNA or genetic profile from a Mother Plant.

The process of pressurizing liquid or gas CO2 to its “supercritical state” and passing it through cannabis to extract the active compounds from the plant. This is considered a preferred extraction method because it does not require synthetic solvents and maintains the integrity of the plant.

A cluster of buds that grow tightly together, with the main cola forming at the very top of the plant.

Any type of cannabis product that is refined from flowers into a purified form such as oils, wax, and tinctures.

The process of breeding multiple cannabis plants to produce a new strain.

Is a highly refined raw hemp extract that contains the broad-spectrum of cannabinoids. It was developed as a vaporizer product to stay in its natural liquid form without additives or carrier oils.


A heating process that converts the acidic form of the cannabinoid (CBDa) to the non-acidic form (CBD).

The different forms to administer cannabinoids. It can be orally, inhaled, or topically

A minor phytocannabinoid similar to Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) but with less psychoactivity. Early research has shown that Delta(8)-THC may be an appetite stimulant.

A facility specialized in medical or recreational cannabis for consumers to safely and legally purchase cannabis products.

A translucent oil-free from waxes or undesirable compounds from the hemp or cannabis plant. Distillate concentrates are versatile and can be used to vaporize or mix with topical or other products.

It refers to the size and/or frequency of a dose of CBD or any supplement.


Medicated edible goods infused with active ingredients. In the cannabis industry edibles are often baked goods, dummies, and chocolate bars. It is a common delivery method to consume CBD products.

Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency Syndrome (CEDS) is a term for a group of illnesses, including fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome. A growing number of respected scientists in the medical community believe low levels of endocannabinoids are the root cause of these conditions.

Is the homeostatic regulatory system of the body. The Endocannabinoid System or ECS is found in all mammals and affects every physiological process, including appetite, regulation of mood, and perception of pain. It is considered one of the most important physiologic systems involved in establishing and maintaining human health, playing a key role in regulating pain, mood, memory, appetite, immune function, inflammation, blood pressure, bone growth, the protection of neural tissues, and dozens of other physiological processes.

Cannabinoids are naturally produced in the human body. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells, and they regulate a wide range of physiological processes, including stress and mood, digestion, appetite and metabolism, immunity, inflammatory response, bone health, skin health, respiratory health, and sleep.

Is the natural synergy of the cannabis plant’s complementary compounds including cannabinoids, terpenes, and other naturally occurring chemicals. Theoretically, cannabinoids interact synergistically to activate each other’s best qualities.


A group of phytonutrients known for providing color pigmentation to plants. Cannabis flavonoids, called “cannaflavins,” play an important role in odor and flavor differences between strains.

The reproductive organs of the female cannabis plant that produce seeds when fertilized by a male plant. Flowers are hairy, sticky, crystal-covered parts of the plant that are harvested and dried for use.

The cannabis extract that contains the complete range of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids found in the plant, including tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.


Referring to the genetic building blocks that the plant was created from, specifically which genes were isolated and combined to create the genetic makeup.

A generic term used in the classification of a living organism. It’s a principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below a family.

The beginning of the plant’s growth cycle from a seed or a spore.


Short for hashish, it is a concentrated cannabis extract produced by removing the plant’s trichomes through filtration. Hash is more potent than flowers because it removes everything but the active part of the plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Otherwise known as Cannabis Sativa L., hemp is one of the earliest domesticated plants in the world. Hemp is a multipurpose plant, with strong fibers that have been used to make cloth, paper, food, fiber, and medicine for thousands of years.

Oil extracted by pressing the hemp seeds that are commonly used in skincare and food products. This oil is rich in linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, and essential fatty acids (omega 6 and omega 3), which are beneficial to the skin and help support immunity. Because it comes from the seeds, hemp seed oil does not contain CBD or other cannabinoids.

The body’s state of balance that enables cells and systems to live and function. Compounds such as cannabinoids bind to receptors found in the endocannabinoid system in the human body to support homeostasis.

Occurs when cells and systems in the human body experience a deficiency such as nutritional deficiencies from unhealthy diets or exposure to toxins and stress. Homeostatic imbalance can lead to many chronic illnesses.

A strain of cannabis that is a cross between two genetically different strains of cannabis, occurring randomly or intentionally. Hybrids are typically created by cross-breeding two or more preferred traits of a plant to make a more desired combination.


A variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species is grown specifically for industrial uses such as paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, health food, fuel, and medicine. Industrial hemp is Cannabis sativa with less than 0.2% THC.

The extraction of a compound such as CBD from the cannabis plant so the subsequent product is a concentrated amount of a single molecule, lacking other cannabinoids and terpenes.


Sometimes transliterated keef and also known as cannabis crystals is a concentrated amount of trichomes that have been separated from the marijuana flower. This resinous extract is known to be extremely potent. Kief is the main ingredient in hashish.

Referring to cannabis plants that originate from the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kush strains are Indica with an earthy and piney aroma.


The main compounds of cannabis, referring to Tetrahydrocannaidiol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).

The general term for female cannabis plants or their dried flower. Marijuana plants contain high levels of cannabinoids, with medical and psychoactive properties.

MCT stands for medium-chain triglycerides. They are found in coconut oil, palm kernel oil, and butter, among others. MCT oil is mainly used in the manufacture of cosmetic products, food, and in the pharmaceutical industry. Unlike other oils, MCT oils can be metabolized independently of pancreatic enzymes, which explains their use in various (mainly metabolic) diseases.

The use of cannabis to treat specific diseases. The main compounds of medicinal cannabis strains are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

Any cannabinoids from the plant other than Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).

A female cannabis plant that is used for breeding and cloning. Growers choose their mothers based on strong genetics, overall plant health, and desired effects.


A messenger of neurologic formation from one cell to another.


Relating to a living matter produced without the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, or other artificial agents.


Active compounds produced by cannabis and other plants and microorganisms consisting of aromatic hydrocarbons, which contribute to the unique scent of every strain.

A term used to identify a plant’s inherit characteristics and physical traits, including scent, taste, appearance, impact, and efficacy. Phenotypes are the expression of genetics in the physical growing environment. Plants with the same genetics can display different phenotypes if they are grown under different conditions.

Are the active compounds found in hemp. They are similar in structure and function to endocannabinoids, which are naturally produced by mammals. Phytocannabinoids interact with and support the ECS to regulate and promote homeostasis.

Part of the female cannabis plant’s anatomy, referring to all of the reproductive parts of the female plant, including an ovule and two stigmas. Pistils are small, hair-like features on the flower, ranging in color from white to red.


A chemical group or molecule in cells that has an affinity for a specific chemical group, molecule, or virus. In the Endocannabinoid System, receptors have an affinity for endocannabinoids and/or phytocannabinoids.

The use of cannabis products to induce pleasure, euphoria, relaxation, and to enhance sociability.


Seedless female plants that grow large cannabinoid-rich buds with no seeds.

The vibrant, hairlike strands of the pistil are used to collect pollen from males. They have an important role in reproduction by providing a passageway for the genetic material to pass from a pollen grain that has landed on a stigma, to grow and fertilize the ovule, which contains the reproductive cells.

A specific variety of plant species. Strains are usually named by their breeders, and they are developed to produce specific desired effects. Strains are distinguished by appearance, aroma, location of origin, and cannabinoid and terpene content.

Refers to a form of application or administration of a substance. The substance is placed under the tongue where the mucous membrane is particularly thin and well supplied with blood vessels enabling the rapid absorption of active ingredients such as CBD.


A large group of volatile unsaturated hydrocarbons found in essential oils of plants, specifically conifers, and citrus trees. They play an instrumental role in the physiological effects of the plant. In cannabis, different combinations of terpenes and cannabinoid give strains distinct flavors, scents, and medicinal properties.

The vibrant, hairlike strands of the pistil are used to collect pollen from males. They have an important role in reproduction by providing a passageway for the genetic material to pass from a pollen grain that has landed on a stigma, to grow and fertilize the ovule, which contains the reproductive cells.

The acidic form of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), considered “inactive” until it heats to become Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

A psychoactive phytocannabinoid known as the sibling of THC. It may be responsible for suppressing appetite.

In the cannabis industry, a common product consisting of a liquid extract usually with a carrier oil and ingested orally. Cannabis tinctures are dosed with a dropper for sublingual use.

In cannabis, a type of product where the active compounds have been extracted and added to a product that is applied directly to the skin. As the body’s biggest organ, the skin allows for transdermal absorption of compounds like cannabinoids into the bloodstream. There is evidence that suggests that the skin has Endocannabinoid System receptors.

Crystal-like components of the cannabis plant that hold the most cannabinoid content.


A technological device used to consume cannabis involving a heating process of the extract or distillate creating a cannabinoid vapor to inhale.

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